[1]李敏,卞璐,李建国,等.外阴汗管瘤12例临床误诊分析[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2021,(02):233-235.
 LI Min,BIAN Lu,LI Jianguo,et al.Clinical Misdiagnosis Analysis of 12 Cases of Syringoma of Vulva[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2021,(02):233-235.
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外阴汗管瘤12例临床误诊分析()
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
233-235
栏目:
误诊教训
出版日期:
2021-02-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Clinical Misdiagnosis Analysis of 12 Cases of Syringoma of Vulva
文章编号:
1001-7089(2021)02-0233-03
作者:
李敏1卞璐2李建国1王国芳1尹光文3张守民1
1.河南省人民医院皮肤科,郑州大学人民医院,河南 郑州 450003; 2.河南大学人民医院,河南省人民医院皮肤科,河南 郑州 450003; 3.郑州大学第一附属医院皮肤科,河南 郑州 450052
Author(s):
LI Min1BIAN Lu2LI Jianguo1WANG Guofang1YIN Guangwen3ZHANG Shoumin1
(1.Department of Dermatology,Henan Provincial People's Hospital,Zhengzhou University People's Hospital,Zhengzhou 450003,China; 2.Henan University People's Hospital,Department of Derma-tology,Henan Provincial People's Hospital,Zhengzhou 450003,China; 3.Dep
关键词:
外阴汗管瘤 临床特征 病理特征
Keywords:
Syringoma of vulva Clinical features Histopathologic characteristics
分类号:
R 739.5
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 提高临床皮肤科医生对外阴汗管瘤的认识,减少临床工作中的误诊、漏诊。方法 回顾性分析2015年6月-2019年12月本院临床诊治过程中误诊的12例外阴汗管瘤患者临床表现、病理特征、误诊原因、误诊疾病等资料,并进行文献复习。结果 12例外阴汗管瘤主要分布于双侧大阴唇,皮损为多发皮色、褐色、棕红色芝麻至绿豆大小中等硬度孤立的半球形丘疹,均有不同程度瘙痒。病理表现为多数嗜碱性上皮细胞聚集成的小团块、导管及小囊腔,导管和囊腔均有两层上皮组成,部分细胞条索呈蝌蚪状。临床误诊为扁平苔藓、鲍温样丘疹病、Fox-Fordyce、皮脂腺异位、淋巴管瘤、尖锐湿疣、顶泌汗腺汗囊瘤等疾病。结论 外阴部位的汗管瘤临床较为罕见,临床医生缺乏对本病的认识导致误诊、漏诊,临床上如遇外阴部位的丘疹应想到本病的可能,行皮肤病理检查可以及早明确诊断,以避免误诊、漏诊。
Abstract:
Objective To improve the knowledge of clinical dermatologists on syringoma of vulva and reduce misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis in clinical work.Methods The clinical manifestations,histopathology features,causes and diseases of 12 misdiagnosed patients in our hospital from June 2015 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively,and the literature was reviewed.Results Twelve cases of syringoma of the vulva were mainly distributed in the hemispherical papules with multiple skin color,brown and brownish red on both sides of the labia magna,which are solitary,sesame to mung bean sized,and moderately hard,and have varying degrees of pruritus.Histopathologic examination revealed most basophil cells were aggregated into small clumps,ducts and sacs.The ducts and sacs were composed of two layers of epithelium,some of which were tadpole like.It was easy to be misdiagnosed as lichen planus,Bowenoid papulosis,Fox-Fordyce,ectopia of sebaceous gland,lymphangioma,condyloma acuminatum,apocrine gland cystoma and so on.Conclusion The clinical diagnosis of syringoma in vulva is relatively rare.The lack of understanding of this disease by clinical dermatologists leads to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.In clinical,if there is a papule in vulva,we should think about the possibility of this disease.The skin histopathologic examination can make a clear diagnosis as soon as possible to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[基金项目] 河南省医学科技攻关计划联合共建项目(2018020406)
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-02-01