[1]谭欢,张远理,唐原,等.瘢痕疙瘩患者128例生活质量评估及影响因素分析[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2021,(02):200-204.
 TAN Huan,ZHANG Yuanli,TANG Yuan,et al.Assessment of Quality of Life and Analysis of Influencing Factors in Patients with Keloids[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2021,(02):200-204.
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瘢痕疙瘩患者128例生活质量评估及影响因素分析()
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
200-204
栏目:
调查报告
出版日期:
2021-02-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Assessment of Quality of Life and Analysis of Influencing Factors in Patients with Keloids
文章编号:
1001-7089(2021)02-0200-05
作者:
谭欢张远理唐原杨芳谢续娥祝守敏向光黎斌
重庆三峡医药高等专科学校附属医院皮肤科,重庆 万州 404000
Author(s):
TAN HuanZHANG YuanliTANG YuanYANG FangXIE Xu'eZHU ShouminXIANG GuangLI Bin
(Department of Dermatology,the Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Three Gorges Medical College,Chongqing 404000,China)
关键词:
瘢痕疙瘩 皮肤病生活质量指数 生活质量 影响因素
Keywords:
Keloids Dermatology life quality index Quality of life Influencing factors
分类号:
R 739.5
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 评估瘢痕疙瘩对患者生活质量的影响,并分析其影响因素。方法 应用皮肤病生活质量指数(dermatology life quality index,DLQI)评估瘢痕疙瘩患者的生活质量。结果 共调查了128例瘢痕疙瘩患者,DLQI得分为0~23分,平均为(7.12±4.68)分,患者瘢痕评估量表(patient scar assessment scale,PSAS)评分总分为14~58分,平均分为(32.67±8.81)分,患者瘢痕自我观感综合评分为3~10分,平均分为6.98±1.58。患者DLQI评分中,单身者(9.42±5.00)、高学历者(8.89±5.09)、年龄<40岁(8.12±4.92)、发病年龄<20岁(8.70±4.40)、病程<1年(9.72±4.77)及皮损位于暴露部位(9.52±4.67)分别高于非单身者(5.27±3.46)、低学历者(5.82±3.91)、年龄≥40岁(5.07±3.38)、发病年龄≥20岁(6.63±4.68)、病程≥1年(6.25±4.34)及皮损位于非暴露部位患者(6.59±4.54),差异有统计学意义。瘢痕疙瘩的厚度、硬度、颜色、不规则、综合评分及总分与患者的生活质量指数评分呈正相关(r为0.231~0.391,P<0.05),而瘢痕疙瘩的疼痛和瘙痒评分与患者的生活质量指数评分无相关性。结论 瘢痕疙瘩对患者的生活质量有中等程度的影响,其影响因素包括患者的婚姻状况、文化程度、年龄、发病年龄、病程、皮损部位。瘢痕疙瘩在美容形象学上的改变对患者生活质量的影响比其自觉症状所带来的影响更大。
Abstract:
Objective To assess quality of life and analyse influencing factors in patients with keloids.Methods The dermatology life quality index DLQI(DLQI)was used to evaluate the quality of life in patients with keloids.Results A total of 128 cases of keloids were investigated,the DLQI value varied from 0 to 23 with an average of 7.12±4.68,the total score of PSAS varied 14 to 58 with an average of 32.67±8.81,the score of overall opinion ranged 3 to 10 with an average 6.98±1.58.Patients with keloids who were single(9.42±5.00),high educational level(8.89±5.09),age<40 years(8.12±4.92),age of onset <20 years(8.700±4.40),the duration of the disease<12 months(9.72±4.77),and visible lesion(9.52±4.67)showed higher DLQI scores than those who were non-single(5.27±3.46),low educational level(5.82±3.91),age≥40 years(5.07±3.38),age of onset ≥20 years(6.63±4.68),the duration of the disease≥12 months(6.25±4.34),and invisible lesion(6.59±4.54)(all P<0.05).Scar thickness,stiffness,colour,irregularity and overall opinion were correlated to quality of life in patients with keloids(r ranged 0.231 to 0.391,P<0.05),while pain and itch were not correlated.Conclusion Keloids has a moderate impact on the quality of life in the patients.The affected factors include Marital status,educational level,age,age of onset,disease duration and location of skin lesions.Cosmetic factors were more associated with the quality of life impairment than pain and itch in patients with keloids.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-02-01