[1]苏云鹏,栾玉泉,杨冠英,等.HIV感染者和AIDS患者感知歧视与心理症状的关联分析[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2021,(01):52-2e8c7143-f0e6-4f1a-a127-333090730325/pdf.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.202003179]
 SU Yunpeng,LUAN Yuquan,YANG Guanying,et al.Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Symptoms in HIV Infected and AIDS Patients[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2021,(01):52-2e8c7143-f0e6-4f1a-a127-333090730325/pdf.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.202003179]
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HIV感染者和AIDS患者感知歧视与心理症状的关联分析
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
52-2e8c7143-f0e6-4f1a-a127-333090730325/pdf
栏目:
性传播疾病
出版日期:
2021-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Symptoms in HIV Infected and AIDS Patients
文章编号:
1001-7089(2021)01-0052-05
作者:
苏云鹏1栾玉泉1杨冠英1付艳芬2胡雁2朱政2
1.大理大学护理学院,云南大理671000;2.复旦大学护理学院,上海200030
Author(s):
SU Yunpeng1LUAN Yuquan1YANG Guanying1FU Yanfen2HU Yan2ZHU Zheng2
1.Nursing College of Dali University,Dali 671000,China; 2.Nursing College of Fudan University,Shanghai 200030,China
关键词:
HIV感染者/AIDS患者 歧视 心理症状 问卷调查
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS Discrimination Psychological symptoms Questionnaire
分类号:
R 512.91
DOI:
10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.202003179
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 探讨HIV感染者和AIDS患者(HIV/AIDS)感知歧视与心理症状的关联。方法 对1 134例HIV/AIDS患者进行问卷调查,使用自编问卷评估HIV/AIDS患者的感知歧视和心理症状(焦虑症状、抑郁症状和压力症状)。使用广义线性模型来分析HIV/AIDS患者感知歧视与心理症状的关联。结果 不同性别的HIV/AIDS患者焦虑症状评分(P=0.001)和抑郁症状评分(P=0.001)以及不同民族的抑郁症状评分(P=0.002)差异均有统计学意义。在控制变量后,HIV/AIDS患者感知歧视与焦虑症状(95%CI:-0.07~-0.03,P<0.001)、抑郁症状(95%CI:-0.09~-0.04,P<0.001)和压力症状(95%CI:-0.24~-0.12,P<0.001)均有统计学关联。结论 感知歧视可能增加HIV/AIDS患者心理症状的风险。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the association between perceived discrimination and psychological symptoms in HIV-infected and AIDS patients(HIV/AIDS). Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on 1 134 HIV/AIDS patients. A self-made questionnaire was used to evaluate the perceived discrimination and psychological symptoms(anxiety symptoms,depression symptoms and stress symptoms)of HIV/AIDS. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the association between HIV/AIDS perceived discrimination and psychological symptoms. Results There was a statistically significant difference in HIV/AIDS anxiety symptom score(P=0.001)and depressive symptom score(P=0.001)in different genders,and depression symptoms scores(P=0.002)in different ethnic groups. After adjusting for variables,HIV/AIDS perceived discrimination was associated with anxiety symptoms(95%CI:-0.07~-0.03,P<0.001),depressive symptoms(95%CI:-0.09~-0.04,P<0.001)and stress symptoms(95%CI:-0.24~-0.12,P:-0.24~-0.12,;0.001),respectively. Conclusion Perceived discrimination may increase the risk of psychological symptoms of HIV/AIDS.

参考文献/References:

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相似文献/References:

[1]陈世艺,黎湘娟,徐永芳,等.南宁市HIV/AIDS患者与其家属遭遇艾滋病相关歧视的调查[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2014,(01):53.
 CHEN Shi-yi,LI Xiang-juan,XU Yong-fang,et al.Study on Discrimination Associated with HIV among HIV/AIDS Patients and their Family Members in Nanning[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2014,(01):53.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[基金项目] 国家自然科学基金(71673057) [通信作者] 付艳芬,E-mail:yanfen1998@hotmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-01-10