[1]晏瑞琳,刘开钳,邓宝清,等.深圳市社区居民性传播疾病/艾滋病知信行调查分析[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2018,(02):179-184.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201707158]
 YAN Ruilin,LIU Kaiqian,DENG Baoqing,et al.A Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior about Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ AIDS(STD/AIDS)among Community Residents in Shenzhen City[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2018,(02):179-184.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201707158]
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深圳市社区居民性传播疾病/艾滋病知信行调查分析
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
179-184
栏目:
性传播疾病
出版日期:
2018-02-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior about Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ AIDS(STD/AIDS)among Community Residents in Shenzhen City
作者:
晏瑞琳1刘开钳1邓宝清1黄志明1黄李成1洪福昌2
1.深圳市宝安区慢性传播疾病防治院皮肤性传播疾病防治中心,广东 深圳 518126; 2.深圳市慢性传播疾病防治中心,广东 深圳 518020
Author(s):
YAN Ruilin1LIU Kaiqian1DENG Baoqing1HUANG Zhiming1HUANG Licheng1HONG Fuchang2
1.Center for Dermatovenereology,Baoan Chronic Disease Control Hospital, Shenzhen 518126,China; 2.Shenzhen Center for Chronic Disease Control,Shenzhen 518020,China
关键词:
社区居民 性传播疾病 艾滋病 知信行
Keywords:
Community residents Sexually transmitted diseases(STD) AIDS Knowledge attitude and practice
分类号:
R 759; R 593.32
DOI:
10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201707158
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 了解深圳市社区居民性传播疾病/艾滋病防治知识、态度及行为。方法 采用随机整群抽样方法对1 296位深圳市社区居民进行匿名自填式问卷调查。结果 性传播疾病/艾滋病知识总体知晓率为61.65%; 已婚/同居(OR=1.54,95%CI 1.02~2.32)、文化程度高(OR=1.97,95%CI 1.70~2.27)、业余生活种类丰富(OR=1.85,95%CI 1.43~2.39)、业余生活方式以阅读为主者(OR=1.35,95%CI 1.01~1.80),知识知晓率高。76.70%的调查对象表示为预防性传播疾病/艾滋病愿意使用安全套; 对防治知识知晓者,使用安全套意愿较高(OR=4.10, 95%CI 3.04~5.53)。17.92%最近1年与固定性伴发生性行为时坚持使用安全套; 为预防性传播疾病/艾滋病有使用安全套意愿者,坚持使用安全套比例相对较高(OR=2.15,95%CI 1.55~2.99)。5.86%最近3个月发生过商业性性行为,其中31.59%坚持使用安全套; 不知晓性传播疾病/艾滋病知识者,更可能发生商业性性行为(OR=1.86,95%CI 1.00~3.66)。9.57%曾因下身不适或怀疑艾滋病而寻求性传播疾病方面的检查治疗; 发生过无保护的商业性性行为者,更可能因下身不适或怀疑艾滋病而寻求性传播疾病方面的检查治疗(OR=5.18,95%CI 1.25~21.52)。结论 深圳市社区居民性传播疾病/艾滋病知识知晓率较低,行为与知识及态度相分离。扩大宣传覆盖、提高社区居民自我性传播疾病/艾滋病感染危险预测水平应成为健康教育的重点。
Abstract:
Objective To gain the infromation of the knowledge, attitude, behavior about sexually transmitted diseases/AIDS(STD/AIDS)among community residents in Shenzhen.Methods A anonymous self-reported questionnaires was distributed to the 1 296 community residents selected by a random cluster sampling.Results The awareness of STD/AIDS knowledge was 61.65%; participants including married or cohabiting(OR=1.54,95%CI 1.02~2.32), well-educated(OR=1.97,95%CI 1.70~2.27),taking part in leisure activities(OR=1.35, 95%CI 1.01~1.80,liking reading(OR=1.85,95%CI 1.43~2.39)had higher STD/AIDS awareness.76.70% reported willing to use condoms to prevent STD / AIDS infection, which was identically correlated with higher STD/AIDS awareness(OR=4.10,95%CI 3.04~5.53).17.92% always used condoms when having sex with fixed partner during the past year, which was identically correlated with their willing to use condoms to prevent STD / AIDS infection(OR=2.15,95%CI 1.55~2.99).5.86% had commercial sex in the past three months, and 31.59% always used condoms.People with poor awareness were more likely to have commercial sex(OR=1.86,95%CI 1.00~3.66).9.57% had ever sought medical advice because of the discomfort in genitourinary tract or suspecting AIDS infection which was associated with unprotected commercial sex(OR=5.18, 95%CI 1.25~21.52).Conclusion The awareness of STD/AIDS knowledge was poor among community residents in Shenzhen, and the risk behaviors were apart from the attitudes of safe sex.Expanding the coverage of health education to public places and increasing self-risk prediction level are highly required.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[通讯作者] 黄志明,E-mail: hzm789@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01