[1]朱俊,唐小清,沈静,等.初中学生艾滋病健康教育干预近期效果评价[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2015,(05):491-494.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201407042]
 ZHU Jun,TANG Xiao qing,SHEN Jing,et al.Short Term Effect Evaluation after Health Education Through the Intervention Among the Middle School Students in Chongqing[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2015,(05):491-494.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201407042]
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初中学生艾滋病健康教育干预近期效果评价
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2015年05期
页码:
491-494
栏目:
性传播疾病
出版日期:
2015-05-14

文章信息/Info

Title:
Short Term Effect Evaluation after Health Education Through the Intervention Among the Middle School Students in Chongqing
作者:
朱俊唐小清沈静王宏汪洋张丽伟
重庆医科大学公共卫生与管理学院,重庆 400016
Author(s):
ZHU JunTANG XiaoqingSHEN JingWANG HongWANG YangZHANG Liwei
School of Public Health and Management,Chongqing Medical University,Chongqing 400016,China
关键词:
艾滋病学生健康教育评价
Keywords:
AIDSStudentsHealth educationEvaluation
分类号:
R 512.91;R 193
DOI:
10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201407042
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的评价初中生艾滋病健康教育干预效果,促进中学开展艾滋病健康教育。方法整群随机抽取重庆市主城、区县初中生,分别在健康教育前后对491名和375名学生进行问卷调查。结果干预后总知晓率为80.11%,基础知识平均知晓率为74.01%,传播途径平均知晓率为83.22%,非传播途径平均知晓率为86.13%。各项知识回答正确率较干预前(37.82%,32.07%,50.06%和26.87%)显著提高(P<0.01)。干预后相关知识、态度得分均较干预前明显提高(P<0.01)。健康教育后学生更加同情、愿意与艾滋病人一起学习工作(P<0.01)。但对于问题“害怕得艾滋病吗”正向态度有所下降(P<0.01)。结论健康教育后相关知识知晓率显著增加,拥有正向不歧视态度,但尚未达到国家要求。预防艾滋病应从中学生抓起。
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of health education about AIDS on the middle school students and to promote AIDS health education.MethodsA cluster random sampling method was used to find out the middle school students in urban and county of Chongqing,and the questionnaire survey was carried out before(491) and after(375) the education.ResultsAfter the education,the total knowledge rate was 80.11%,the basis knowledge rate was 74.01%,the transmission knowledge rate was 83.22%,and the nontransmission knowledge rate was 86.13%.The knowledge accurate rate was significantly increased(37.82%,32.07%,50.06% and 26.87%)(P<0.01).The knowledge score and attitude score were increased significantly after the intervention.The attitude about showing sympathy,willing to work and learning with each other was significantly increased(P<0.01).But the positive attitude for the question "fear of AIDS?" decreased(P<0.01).ConclusionAfter health education,the knowledge and the attitude were significantly increased,but had not yet reached the national goal.AIDS health education should be started in middle school.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[基金项目]2010年重庆市教育委员会人文社会科学研究项目(10SKD03)
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-05-25