[1]陈世艺,黎湘娟,徐永芳,等.南宁市HIV/AIDS患者与其家属遭遇艾滋病相关歧视的调查[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2014,(01):53-55.
 CHEN Shi-yi,LI Xiang-juan,XU Yong-fang,et al.Study on Discrimination Associated with HIV among HIV/AIDS Patients and their Family Members in Nanning[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2014,(01):53-55.
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南宁市HIV/AIDS患者与其家属遭遇艾滋病相关歧视的调查
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
53-55
栏目:
性传播疾病
出版日期:
2014-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on Discrimination Associated with HIV among HIV/AIDS Patients and their Family Members in Nanning
作者:
陈世艺1黎湘娟2徐永芳1农全兴1刘宏杰3
1.南宁市疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530023; 2.广西国际旅行卫生保健中心,广西 南宁 530021; 3.美国马里兰大学
Author(s):
CHEN Shi-yi1 LI Xiang-juan2 XU Yong-fang1 NONG Quan-xing1 LIU Hong-jie3
(1.Nanning Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning 530023, China; 2.Guangxi International Travel Health Care Center, Nanning 530021, China; 3.University of Maryland, the United States)
关键词:
艾滋病 羞辱 歧视
Keywords:
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) Humiliation Discrimination
分类号:
R 512.91
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 了解南宁市HIV感染者/艾滋病患者(HIV/AIDS)及其家属遭遇的艾滋病相关羞辱和歧视的现状,并分析造成相关羞辱和歧视的原因。方法 采用面对面的问卷调查方式,匿名调查南宁市151例HIV感染者/艾滋病患者及其家属148名。结果 151例HIV/AIDS,男105例,女46例; 年龄(41.03±11.61)岁。148例家属,男58例,女90例,年龄(38.64±11.26)岁。该市HIV/AIDS患者艾滋病相关羞辱和歧视得分为30.75分,其家属平均得分为25.82分,HIV/AIDS患者及其家属受到的艾滋病相关羞辱和歧视得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。HIV/AIDS患者实际受到的羞辱和歧视与自我羞辱和歧视显著高于其家属(P<0.001),而其家属的自我效能及自我满意度要高于HIV/AIDS患者(P<0.001)。结论 南宁市HIV/AIDS患者与其家属在社会环境中均受到一定的内在和外在的羞辱和歧视,应加强对艾滋病患者及其家属的人文关怀,并培育公众的同情和互助意识,营造社会支持环境。
Abstract:
Objective To study the current situation of humiliation and discrimination in the HIV/AIDS patients and their family members, and the possible causes.Methods One hundred and fifty-one HIV/AIDS patients and their 148 family members were anonymously surveyed in person.Results Among 151 HIV/AIDS patients, 105 were males and 46 were females with mean age of(41.03±11.61)years.58 out 148 family members were males and 90 females with mean age of(38.64±11.26)years.The humiliation and discrimination score for HIV/AIDS patients in Nanning City was 30.75 and the score for the family members was 25.82, statistical significance was found in the scores of humiliation and discrimination related to HIV among the HIV/AIDS patients and family members(P<0.001).The score of actual humiliation, self-humiliation and discrimination for HIV/AIDS patients were significantly higher than that for their family members(P<0.001).The extent of self-efficacy and self-satisfaction were higher in their family members than in the HIV/AIDS patients(P<0.001).Conclusion Both HIV/AIDS patients and their family members in Nanning City suffered from certain internal and external humiliation and discrimination in the social environment, suggesting that humanistic care should be strengthened for the HIV/AIDS patients and their family members, and cultivation of public sympathy and mutual assistance consciousness are necessary to create a supportive social environment.

参考文献/References:


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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[作者单位] 1.南宁市疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530023; 2.广西国际旅行卫生保健中心,广西 南宁 530021; 3.美国马里兰大学 [通讯作者] 黎湘娟,E-mail:li.xiangjuan@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-01-20