[1]牟怀德,陈霞,李娜,等.乐山市2007-2015年HIV/AIDS流行病学分析[J].中国皮肤性病学杂志,2017,(09):990-993.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201606121]
 MU Huai-de,CHEN Xia,LI Na,et al.Epidemiological Analysis of HIV/AIDS in Leshan from 2007 to 2015[J].The Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology,2017,(09):990-993.[doi:10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201606121]
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乐山市2007-2015年HIV/AIDS流行病学分析
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《中国皮肤性病学杂志》[ISSN:1001-7089/CN:61-1197/R]

卷:
期数:
2017年09期
页码:
990-993
栏目:
性传播疾病
出版日期:
2017-09-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological Analysis of HIV/AIDS in Leshan from 2007 to 2015
作者:
牟怀德陈霞李娜吴薇刘昕亮谢应国
四川乐山市疾病预防控制中心,四川 乐山 614000
Author(s):
MU Huai-deCHEN Xia LI NaWU WeiLIU Xin-liangXIE Ying-guo
Leshan Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Leshan 614000,China
关键词:
HIV/AIDS 流行病学 性传播途径 干预
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Sexual transmission Intervene
分类号:
R 512.91
DOI:
10.13735/j.cjdv.1001-7089.201606121
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 了解乐山市HIV/AIDS流行病学因素,为制定艾滋病防控策略提供科学依据。方法 对乐山市2007-2015年间新发现的2 325例HIV/AIDS病例资料进行流行病学分析。结果 乐山市人群HIV感染率为0.22%,呈现逐年下降趋势。2 325例HIV/AIDS中男性占69.85%,女性占30.15%; 18~60岁的青壮年占90.67%; 农民占42.54%,其次是无业人员占27.05%; 初中以下文化程度占67.78%; 经性接触传播者占82.28%,呈逐年上升趋势,其次是吸毒传播占16.69%,呈逐年下降趋势,输血、母婴传播随年度变化的趋势不明显。男男性行为(MSM)占5.23%,无明显的时间趋势变化; 吸毒人群占4.50%,呈现逐年下降趋势; 老年群体占0.19%,呈现缓慢的上升趋势; 性病哨点人群占1.65%,呈逐年缓慢下降趋势。结论 乐山市HIV感染率呈下降趋势。普通人群的性传播已成为艾滋病传播的主要方式。应进一步加强对普通人群的干预力度,以有效预防和控制艾滋病。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the epidemiological factors of HIV/AIDS in Leshan, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of AIDS.Methods Epidemiological analysis of 2 325 newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in Leshan from 2007 to 2015 was made.Results The infection rate of HIV in Leshan was 0.22%, which showed a decreasing trend year by year.Among the 2 325 cases, the male was 69.85%, and female was 30.15%; the young adults aged 18~60 accounted for 90.67%.Occupation distribution of farmers accounted for 42.54%, followed by unemployed persons accounted for 27.05%.Junior high school education accounted for 67.78%.The route of sexualtransmission accounted for 82.28%, showing an upward trend year by year, followed by drug transmission accounted for 16.69%, showing a downward trend year by year. The trend of blood transfusion and mother to child transmission was not obvious.Several groups of people with HIV infection(MSM)was 5.23%, and there was no significant change in time trends.Drug users was 4.50%, showing a downward trend year by year.Elderly population was 0.19%, showing a slow upward trend.The population of STD sentinel population was 1.65%, which showed a slow downward trend year by year.Conclusion Leshan HIV infection rate showed a downward trend.The spread of the general population has become the main way of HIV dissemination, so we should further strengthen the general population intervention, in order to achieve more effective prevention and control of AIDS.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-10